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Hypothyroidism

Overview

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid glands unable to produce sufficient thyroid hormones as per the requirement of the body. Due to insufficient growth of the hormone, body is unable to perform numerous functions appropriately. The condition is more likely to affect the women as compared to men. Approximately, 5 % of the U.S. population suffers from Hypothyroidism.


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Causes

Inflammation of the thyroid glands is considered as the most important cause of the condition. When a person suffers from hypothyroidism, his immune system misinterprets the thyroid glands as a foreign bodies and attack on them. Some other causes of the condition are:

  • Birth defects
  • Radiation treatment taken for treating cancers of neck
  • Making use of radioactive iodine for treating overactive thyroid
  • Viral thyroiditis
  • Malfunctioning of pituitary gland

Even administration of certain drugs like lithium, Amiodarone, drugs used for treating hyperthyroidism, etc causes hyperthyroidism.


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Signs & Symptoms

The disease is referred as silent disease because its symptoms are so mild that a person hardly realizes them. Some of the early symptoms of the disease are:

  • Constipation
  • Paleness of skin
  • Depression
  • More sensitive to cold
  • Weakness
  • Weight gain
  • Heavier menstrual periods
  • Muscle or joint pain

If the condition is left untreated, then symptoms that are experienced by the affected person include:

  • Thickening of the skin
  • Decreased sensitivity to smell and taste
  • Hoarseness
  • Slow speech
  • Puffiness of hands, face, etc
  • Thinning of the eyebrows
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Prevention

Avoid eating a lot of soy products. Keep a check on the intake of iodine level.


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Treatments
hormone replacement Therapy Modern Medicine

The main purpose of treating hypothyroidism is to meet the requirements of the body by producing thyroid glands. Levothyroxine is one of the most commonly prescribed medications that help in bringing the TSH level to an apt level. In order to get the best result, take the dosage as per the directions of the doctor. The doctor also recommends thyroid replacement therapy that should be taken for a lifetime.

It is advised to continue taking medication even if symptoms go away. Do not stop taking the medication till the time doctor told you to do so.

Exercises Modern Medicine

Exercise is another important factor that helps in treating hyperthyroidism to a great level. By doing regular exercise tissue sensitivity to the thyroid hormone increases that helps in stimulating thyroid gland secretion. Little changes in the dietary pattern and taking vitamin supplements also help in treating the condition well.

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