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Drug-Induced Hypothyroidism

Overview

Drug-induced hypothyroidism is a condition that results in decreased activity of thyroid glands due to certain medication reaction. Hypothyroidism refers to condition in which thyroid glands perform less function i.e. they remain inactive. And when the prefix “drug induced” is added into it, it means that the condition is the outcome of drug reaction.


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Causes

Drug-induced hypothyroidism is caused due to intake of some medications that does not suit to the human body. Such drugs are listed below:

  • Drugs that are taken for treating hyperthyroidism like potassium iodide, radioactive iodine, propylthiouracil, etc.
  • Drugs that contain iodides or lithium

Some other rare causes of the condition are intake of below mentioned drugs:

  • Sulfonylureas
  • Nitroprusside
  • Perchlorate
  • Amiodarone
  • Eating excessive amount of iodine-containing seaweed

Intake of excessive amount of iodine is also injurious as it may lead to either hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.


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Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of the condition occur in two phases-in early stage and in later stage. Early stage symptoms are:

  • Fatigue
  • Puffy eyes
  • Weakness
  • Weight gain
  • Constipation
  • Fatigue
  • Cold intolerance
  • Depression

Symptoms that are experienced during later stages are:

  • Menstrual disorder
  • Thinning of the eyebrows
  • Decreased hearing ability
  • Thickening of eyebrows
  • Joint stiffness

It is necessary to take the treatment as soon as person experience its symptoms.

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Prevention

Drug-induced hypothyroidism can be prevented by taking the medication after consulting complete medical history with the health professional. Moreover, keep on checking thyroid levels at regular intervals as this will help in getting the crystal clear idea of thyroid levels.


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Treatments
Conservative Treatment Modern Medicine

The first and foremost step is to stop taking that medication that is causing the reaction. Besides, stop taking the medication, do consult with the health professionals as they will recommend you certain drugs that will help in controlling the condition of drug-induced hypothyroidism. Drugs like levothyroxine, etc is recommended that helps in controlling the situation appropriately. The dosage is basically helps in bringing TSH to the normal levels.

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